A recent meeting of its senior officials was assured that Asia-Pacific Economic
Cooperation (APEC) member countries are continuing their work to ensure the
realization of their commitment to boost free trade in environmental goods,
while also laying a foundation for the opening of this sector with other World
Trade Organization (WTO) members.
While global trade in so-called "green goods" totals nearly USD1
trillion annually, some countries apply tariffs as high as 35 percent, adding
unnecessary costs to environmental technologies. APEC is working to reduce import
tariffs to five percent or less on a list of 54 green goods by 2015. That list
of goods, agreed by all the APEC members in 2012, could grow as more products
that promote energy efficiency, such as solar panels, are identified.
Building on the APEC commitment, in January this year, a group of WTO members
– Australia, Canada, China, Costa Rica, Taiwan, the European Union, Hong
Kong, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, Singapore, and the
United States – also pledged to launch negotiations on an Environmental Goods Agreement
to liberalize trade in green goods.
John Larkin, Chair of the APEC Committee on Trade and Investment, which is
the coordinating body for the initiative, confirmed that "member economies
are working hard to implement this tariff reduction commitment. Implementation
requirements between economies vary in nature and scope. We are stepping up
our technical discussions to enhance transparency and consistency in how member
economies implement the commitments in their tariff schedules."
It was also pointed out that the total market in green goods and services is
expected to double to USD2 trillion by 2020, according to Environmental Business
International, and that half of the top ten global exporters of those goods
and 12 of the top 30 are APEC economies.
"Average tariffs on the products on the APEC environmental goods list
are below or close to the five per cent target in many cases, but they are still
higher for selected goods such as solar water heaters," noted Carlos Kuriyama,
Senior Analyst at the APEC Policy Support Unit. "Further tariff reductions
on the list will boost trade, job creation and sustainable growth."
"The liberalization of environmental goods within APEC is laying a foundation
for multilateral talks at the WTO that are just getting off the ground and could
even encourage the replication of tariff reductions in other sectors or types
of products," he added.